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Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment
Satire, prints and theatricality in the French Revolution
Volume: Oxford University Studies in the Enlightenment 2016:10
Author: Claire Trévien

Date of publication: October 2016

Pagination: xx + 254 pp., 50 ill., pb (broché)

Price: £65 / €77 / $86

  ISBN-13: 978-0-7294-1187-5

Description: The Revolutionary era was a period of radical change in France that dissolved traditional boundaries of privilege, and a time when creative experimentation flourished. As performance and theatrical language became an integral part of the French Revolution, its metaphors seeped into genres beyond the stage. Claire Trévien traces the ways in which theatrical activity influenced Revolutionary print culture, particularly its satirical prints, and considers how these became an arena for performance in their own right.
Following an account of the historical and social contexts of Revolutionary printmaking, the author analyses over 50 works, incorporating scenes such as street singers and fairground performers, unsanctioned Revolutionary events, and the representation of Revolutionary characters in hell. Through analysing these depictions as an ensemble, focusing on style, vocabulary, and metaphor, Claire Trévien shows how prints were a potent vehicle for capturing and communicating partisan messages across the political spectrum. In spite of the intervening centuries, these prints still retain the power to evoke the Revolution like no other source material.

‘Claire Trévien’s interdisciplinary exploration of the political and visual terrain between the stage and satirical prints in the French Revolution is both imaginative and path-breaking. It opens up new perspectives on the confluence of some of the most striking visual expressions of Revolutionary culture.’
Colin Jones, Queen Mary University of London

List of illustrations
List of abbreviations
1. Introduction: the other stage of the French Revolution
Revolutionary prints: a brief historiography
Theatricality and prints
2. Singing the scene: chansons and images in prints
The case of Bonvalet (1788-1789)
The aftershocks of 1789
Multiple voices (1791-1792)
Songs and martyrdom (1793-1794)
3. Le monde à l’envers: the carnivalesque in prints
The commedia dell’arte in Revolutionary prints
Individual actors
4. The spectacle of science: illusion in prints
Charlatanism and theatricality (1784-1795)
Spellbound science (1789-1790)
Spectator and performer (1791-1792)
Science as a propaganda tool (1794)
5. Théâtre de l’ombre: visions of afterlife in prints
Setting the stage
Executing theatre
Lighting shadows
6. Conclusion

Collaborator biographies: Claire Trévien is a cultural historian who completed her AHRC-funded CDA doctorate at the University of Warwick in conjunction with Waddesdon Manor. She is the author of two poetry collections, The Shipwrecked house, and Astéronymes.