Epicurus in the Enlightenment
Volume: SVEC 2009 :12
Series editor: Jonathan Mallinson
Volume editor(s): Neven Leddy and Avi S. Lifschitz
Eighteenth-century Epicureanism is often viewed as radical, anti-religious and politically dangerous. But to what extent does this simplify the ancient philosophy and underestimate its significance in Enlightenment writing?
Through a pan-European analysis of Enlightenment centres from Scotland to Russia via the Netherlands, France and Germany, contributors argue that elements of classical Epicureanism were appropriated by radical and conservative writers alike. They move beyond literature and political theory to examine the application of Epicurean ideas in domains as diverse as physics, natural law, and the philosophy of language, drawing on the work of both major figures (Diderot, Hélvetius, Smith and Hume) and of lesser-known but equally influential thinkers (Johann Jacob Schmauss and Dmitrii Anichkov). This unique collaboration, bringing together historians, philosophers, political scientists and literary scholars, provides rich and varied insights into the different strategic uses of Epicureanism in the eighteenth century.
Neven Leddy and Avi S. Lifschitz, Epicurus in the Enlightenment: an introduction
Elodie Argaud, Bayle’s defence of Epicurus: the use and abuse of Malebranche’s Méditations chrétiennes
Hans W. Blom, The Epicurean motif in Dutch notions of sociability in the seventeenth century
Thomas Ahnert, Epicureanism and the transformation of natural law in the early German Enlightenment
Charles T. Wolfe, A happiness fit for organic bodies: La Mettrie’s medical Epicureanism
Natania Meeker, Sexing Epicurean materialism in Diderot
Pierre Force, Helvétius as an Epicurean political theorist
Andrew Kahn, Epicureanism in the Russian Enlightenment: Dmitrii Anichkov and atomic theory
Matthew Niblett, Man, morals and matter: Epicurus and materialist thought in England from John Toland to Joseph Priestley
James A. Harris, The Epicurean in Hume
Neven Leddy, Adam Smith’s critique of Enlightenment Epicureanism
Avi S. Lifschitz, The Enlightenment revival of the Epicurean history of language and civilisation
Collaborator list: Thomas Ahnert, University of Edinburgh;
Collaborator biographies: Neven Leddy completed his doctorate at the University of Oxford, and collaborated on the online Electronic Enlightenment project (launched OUP, 2008). He is currently involved in research projects on the Scottish Enlightenment and on Franco-Scottish relations in the eighteenth century.